The plantar fascia is a thick, broad ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to the base of the toes. This fascia maintains the structure of the arch. According to MedlinePlus,
the plantar fascia can become inflamed from injury or overuse, causing a dull ache on the sole of the foot. A heel spur can form on the heel bone, or calcaneus, where the plantar fascia attaches,
causing pain along the sole. Conditions that predispose you to plantar fasciitis or formation of a heel spur include obesity, long-distance running and a rigid flat or high-arched foot. You Might
Also Like Metatarsalgia and Arthritis
Calluses. Calluses are composed of the same material as corns - hardened patches of dead skin cells formed from keratin - but calluses develop on the ball or heel of the foot. The skin on the sole of
the foot is ordinarily about forty times thicker than skin anywhere else on the body, but a callus can double this normal thickness. A protective callus layer naturally develops to guard against
excessive pressure and chafing as people get older and the padding of fat on the bottom of the foot thins out. If calluses get too big or too hard, however, they may pull and tear the underlying
General Guidelines. Nonsurgical treatments for heel pain are effective in 90% of patients. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) suggests trying shoe inserts, medications, and
stretching first. One study found that 95% of women who used an insert and did simple exercises that stretched their Achilles tendon and plantar fascia experienced improvement after eight weeks. If
these methods fail, then the patient may need prescription heel orthotics and extended physical therapy. Heel surgery to relieve pain may be performed for heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, bursitis, or
neuroma. Surgery is not recommended until nonsurgical methods have failed for at least six months and preferably 12 months.
When the reason for foot pain is not known, it is important to let your doctor check for any underlying conditions you may have. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can both cause foot pain.
Diabetes can also cause you to experience foot pain. When this occurs, it is referred to Bunions
as diabetic neuropathy. This is a nerve pain that is intense and can cause your toes to
cramp. For a diabetic, good blood glucose control can help prevent the pain. Once your doctor determines the cause of your foot pain, treating the pain will be easier. Prevention and Treatment
Take the pressure off of this area with some foot pads. You can probably find some metatarsal pads in the footcare section of your drug store, but a piece of felt or foam rubber will do the trick,
too - about 1/4" thick, two or three inches long. The idea is to put padding behind the balls of your feet so that you won't pound them so hard. Bend your toes back and press until you find the spots
that hurt; tape the padding to the area just behind (that's on the heel side of the pain, not the toe side).
For this you need to go to a podiatrist a podiatrist is a foot specialist who gets the knowledge and experience after years of studies. A podiatrist can tell you about the problem of and the type of
pain you are suffering from by checking your foot. The most common questions a podiatrist can ask you could be; what type of shoes you normally wear and what type of physical activities you perform
that might be resulting in foot pain It is not necessary that the podiatrist can tell you about the problem just by looking at your foot sometimes several equipments utilize for this job to be
If you had been standing all day or had walked around in high heels, then the foot pain that you might be experiencing could be due to overworked foot muscles.The best home remedy for tired and achy
feet is to soak them in warm water. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salt and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. The warm water will help in soothing achy feet muscles and it will relax and rejuvenate
you. This is one of the best natural remedies for foot pain and is useful for foot pain that is caused due to fatigue.